is the second biggest City in the State of Karnataka.
It lies 130 kms from the State Headquarters, Bangalore.
It is the erstwhile capital of the Mysore Maharajas,
who ruled Mysore State from this royal city. Mysore
has still an old world charm which have not given
way to modern amenities. In addition to its beautiful
silk sarees and sandalwood oil, Mysore is famous for
sandalwood and rose wood carved articles...
The History of Mysore
The history of Mysore is closely linked to the history
of the Kingdom of Mysore. References from the times
of Mahabharata and Asoka refer to Mahisha Nadu or
Mahisha Mandala. References can also be found in Tamil
literature about Ezimahi Nadu. The earliest documented
evidence of the town is in the form of stone carvings
in old Kannada(Saasanas) found in villages around
Mysore, inscribed around 1021 CE. From 1499 the name
Mahisuru has been recorded in inscriptions. During
the rule of the Vijayanagar Empire, the Mysore kingdom
served as a feudatory, gaining sovereignty after the
empire fell in 1565 CE. Till the year 1610, when Srirangapatna
was acquired, Mysore was the center of Wodeyar administration.
It became the capital of the Kingdom of Mysore after
the death of Tippu Sultan at the end of the Anglo-Mysore
Wars in 1799 .
administrative center was shifted to Bangalore in
1831, when the British moved their garrison from Srirangapatnam
(on the outskirts of Mysore) to the Bangalore Cantonment.
Mysore once again became the capital of the kingdom
in 1881 with the rendition of power by the British
to the Wodeyars. Most present day historical landmarks,
and the organisation of the city of Mysore, were inspirations
of the Wodeyar kings and their Dewans. Plans for organised
development of the city exist from as far back as
1904. The period between 1910-1945 is considered the
most important in the modernization of the kingdom.
Several industries (including a steel mill) were begun,
an efficient railway system was constructed, as was
a network of irrigation canals, art and culture flourished
under the patronage of royalty, and the educational
system was revamped.
palaceMysore is called the City of Palaces as a result
of the number of palaces situated in the city, including
Amba Vilas (Main Mysore Palace), Rajendra Vilas (the
summer palace, situated on the Chamundi hills) and
Jayalakshmi Vilas (now in the University of Mysore
premises). The main palace of Mysore was burnt down
in 1897, and the present day structure was built on
the same site. The palace exhibits a mixture of Dravidian,
Indo-Saracenic, Roman and Oriental architectural styles.
Even though the Government of Karnataka now maintains
the Mysore palace, a small portion of the palace has
been allocated for the erstwhile Royal family to live
in. The Jayalakshmi Vilas Mansion was constructed
by Sri Chamaraja Wodeyar for his daughter Jayalakshammanni.
It is now a museum dedicated to folk culture. A new
gallery is being added for artefacts and collections
of the Wodeyars of Mysore.
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